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ItemConnections - Inaugural Issue Spring 2021(The British University in Dubai, 2021) BUiDTable of Contents 01 Introducing Connections / Dr Khalid Almarri 03 Book Review: Shoe Dog by Phil Knight / Maj Id Alamoudi 04 Book Review: The Little Prince by Antoine De Saintexupéry / Danica Racraquin 06 A Priori & a Posteriori / Nishan Sanad 08 Can Machines Have Minds? / Mhd Albani 10 Nicomachean Ethics / Omar Al Hashemi 11 Compatibilism of Freewill & Determinism / Zina Abohaia 13 Consciousness / Abdul Munem Nerabie 15 Criticising Chomsky's Poverty of the Stimulus / Rashed Almarzooqi 18 Equity vs Equality / Hiba Abdul Asis 20 The Nature of Logic & Reason / Hurmat Ansari 23 The Social Self / Saif Alsuwaidi 26 Time Travel / Mati Guchie 28 Towards a Better Curriculum / Nawal Assyer 31 Sustainable Design of Intereior Environment / Mohammed Al Kailani 33 Inclusion, Do It the "Right" Way! / Professor Eman Gaad 34 3 Tips for Effective Online Teaching / Dr Tendai Charles ItemConnections - Issue 2 Spring 2022(The British University in Dubai, 2022) BUiDTable of Contents 01 Imagine the UAE in 2071 / Dr Khalid Almarri 03 Six People, Six Experiences / Milek Anilkumar 05 A UAE Morning in 2071 / Zina Abohaia 08 18 December 2071 / Mohammed Alameen 12 The Green Economy / Ashish Zachariah 14 A Midas in the Desert / Cyril Saju 17 From 'Hoo, Ya Mal' to 'Salama' / Maha Ali Al-Shehhi 19 The Medical Tourism Capital of the World / Bianca Badando 22 The Only Certainty Towards 2071 is Change / Dabeer Hassan 24 UAE and the Technological Advancements of Tomorrow / Hiba Hassan 26 Welcome to Dubai 2071 / Leah Unnikrishnan 29 A Hundred Years of UAE / Rama Rayes 31 Food Security in the UAE of 2071 / Sala Essam 32 The Vision: UAE Centennial 2071 / Umamah Ali 35 Top of the World / Tasneem Salahaldeen 38 Mind-Friendly Technology / Abdul Munem Nerabie 39 The Top Four Tech Companies of 2071 / Khadyja Imad 40 UAE 2071 in Bites / Laraib Syed 41 The Emirati Metaverse / Mohamed Yehia ItemThe Education System in Post-conflict Syria – Examining PIRLS as an International Assessment Measure to Ensure the Quality of Students Achievements(Springer Link, 2023) Ibrahim, Yaser AbdulrahmanThis paper provides a general contextualisation of assessment and learning criteria and processes within the framework of leadership and management perspective in post-conflict and war affected countries, with Syria as an example. Through this paper the researcher provided an overview of the related academic literature done on the subject as well as evaluating the importance of applying one of the International Assessment Measures (IAMs) as a solution for educational reformation. The paper evaluates the adoption of one assessment measure to support the special and emergency requirements of post-conflict countries such as Syria. ItemEnhancing Products Delivery Through the Application of Innovative Operating Model Based on Hybrid Agile Delivery Method: Case Information Communication Technologies “ICT” Service Providers(Springer Link, 2023) Al Jabri, Madhad Ali SaidPurpose: the purpose of this study is to find out a cutting-edge innovative solution for enhancing ICT products delivery and proposing an implementation plan with transformation recommendations aiming higher success rate. Methodology: This qualitative study is done through intensive literature review followed by qualitative analysis and selection of best product delivery method using cost benefit analysis and previous successful implementations benchmark. A proposed delivery operating model was also recommended accordingly. Findings: Based on the problem analysis and subsequent literature review, the existing delivery methodologies of ICT services providers are not fully sufficient to cater for high complex products delivery which require high integration and customer centricity. Hence, a hybrid delivery method is recommended based on previous success stories of 5 major companies with a proposed transformative operating model (framework) including a transformation plan and implementation recommendations. Implications: Information Communication Technologies services providers can benefit from the proposed hybrid product development approach and the suggested operating model as key differentiator for agility, customer centricity, and improved time to market. It enhances collaboration, innovation, culture, and Employee Engagement. Originality/value: Previous literature has extensively explored projects delivery models in various industries where there was minimum focus on ICT industry. This paper uncovers and contribute positively in proposing a successful hybrid agile delivery method with a transformative operating model to support higher success rate in ICT Industry to assure high-value creation, maximize return on investments with high net present value. ItemEnsuring the Fourth Industrial Revolution’s Connectivity Requirements in the UAE(Springer Link, 2023) Alawadhi, Khalid; Almarri, KhalidThe international community has recognized the critical role of information and communication technology (ICT) in the advancement of humanity. ICT is a critical component of each of the United Nations’ (UN) 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (ITU 2021). Nonetheless, 48% of the world’s population remains unconnected to the internet (Henri 2020, p. 2), resulting in what is referred to as the digital divide. The information and communications technology industry is making strenuous efforts to provide diverse connectivity options in metropolitan areas. However, little effort is being taken to guarantee that underserved markets are connected (Sheikh and Halima 2020). In the UAE, we identify underserved markets and classify them as rural villages, remote agricultural/industrial areas, and vehicles in motion. By examining the present ICT market, we can discover a possible solution to this problem through the use of cutting-edge satellite communications technology. Numerous initiatives involving the use of Non-Geostationary Orbit (NGSO) satellites to deliver broadband access began to emerge. The primary benefit of NGSO satellites over Geostationary Orbit (GSO) satellites is their proximity to the Earth’s surface (NGSO is approximately 2000 km above sea level, while GSO is at an elevation of around 36,000 km above sea level). The objective is to perform market research and analyze the connectivity solutions available today. Finally, we will be able to choose the option that is expected to resolve the issue. ItemConnection - Issue 3 Summer 2023(The British University in Dubai, 2023) BUiDTable of Contents Diversity & Multiculturalism Articles 01 A Woman in the Automotive Industry / Shaikha Alfuqaei 04 Living in an Era of Fake News and Pluralism / Abdulrahman Al Ali 05 Finding Identity in a Multicultural Society / Ma Althea Faye Bohol Retig 07 The Divide in the Room / Raghad Aly 10 The Value of Multicultural Education / Lin Sabbagh 13 Language Barriers in Education Hend Rashed Nasrallah Faculty Blogs 18 The Top AI App for University Students / Dr Tendai Charles 20 Hack Your Brain / Dr Ashmiza Mahamed Ismail Philosophy Articles 24 Curiosity: A Blessing or a Curse: The Myth of Pandora’s Box Marwa / Ismail Ali 26 Déjà Vu / Zeina Hussein 27 Justice / Batool Mourad 29 The Meaning of Life / Fatima Budebes 31 The Social Contract Theory / Dareen Magdy Hossein 34 The Ubermensch According to Friedrich Nietzsche / Alanood Warsho ItemThe Impact of Macroeconomic Factors on the Nifty Auto Index(Springer Link, 2023) Alexander, Rhoda; Al-Malkawi, Husam AldinThe aim of the paper is to investigate the association between selected macroeconomic variables like crude price, exchange rate, index of industrial production, inflation, interest rate, repo rate, gold price and the auto index of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India during a time when the automotive sector in India witnessed the sharpest dip in sales. The study adopts Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) co-integration approach and performs suitable diagnostic tests. Results indicate that, exchange rate has a significant negative relationship with Nifty auto index in the long run. Additionally, crude price, index of industrial production and repo rates are statistically significant determinants of Nifty auto index. On the contrary, first lag of crude price is found to be a possible predictor of the index in the short run. The study provides important implications for researchers, corporations, portfolio managers, investors, and government. Despite the availability of a large body of literature exploring the association between macro-economic factors and stock market in India, research exploring the association between the former and Indian auto indices has been sparse. Hence, this study is intended to fill this gap in the literature. ItemThe Role of Lexical Cohesion in Improving Twelfth Graders’ Essay Writing Quality(Springer Link, 2023) Khalil, Abdelhamid A.; Abu-Ayyash, Emad A. S.; Salhieh, Sa’Ed M. I.The current study was conducted to examine the role of lexical cohesion in improving the quality of twelfth graders’ essay writing. The study specifically aimed at examining the correlation between lexical cohesive devices (LCD) and the quality of written texts as well as investigating the barriers of employing these devices for twelfth graders. The context was a private American curriculum school in the UAE. The present paper adopted the quantitative correlational and the quantitative survey research approaches. Data were collected using document analysis of 30 twelfth graders’ essays and an online survey attempted by 113 English teachers. Data were analysed using correlational statistics, multiple linear regression, and exploratory factor analysis. The results indicated that there was a significantly positive, moderate association between cohesive ties and students’ essay scores. The results also demonstrated that there was a significantly linear relation between hyponyms and synonyms and students’ writing scores although hyponyms had more effect on the writing score than synonyms. The findings of exploratory factor analysis identified three factors as major barriers encountered by learners while using lexical cohesion in their written texts including (1) lack of resources and instructions, (2) impact of L1 interference and (3) limited lexical awareness. ItemSummarising a Twitter Feed Using Weighted Frequency(Springer Link, 2023) Abohaia, Zina Ahmed; Hassan, Yousef MamdouhData is growing exponentially every day, with 500 million tweets sent on Twitter alone (Desjardins 2021). Twitter feeds are long, take time to understand, are multilingual, and have multimedia. This makes it difficult to analyse in its raw form so the data needs to be extracted, cleaned, and structured, to be able to be used in research. This paper proposes summarising twitter feeds as a manner of structuring them. The objectives we sought to achieve are: (1) Use the Twitter API to retrieve tweets successfully, (2) Efficiently detect the language of text, and tokenize it to then analyse their content (in its language), (3) Use live tweets as the input instead of a database of tweets, (4) Create the interface as a plugin to make it accessible for computer scientists, and others, alike. We also aimed to test whether using weighted frequency to construct summaries of tweets would be successful, and by conducting a survey to test our results, we have found that our program is seen to be useful, accessible, and efficient at giving summarizations of twitter accounts. Weighted frequency also proved to be good at summarising text of any language, inputted. ItemPreventive Maintenance Using Recycled Asphalt: Review(Springer Link, 2023) Al Shehhi, Aishah H. O.; Jokhio, Gul Ahmed; Abu Tair, AbidThe article addresses the importance of using recycled asphalt with the integration of road maintenance procedures in the road network. The road network is considered the main element of any national infrastructure development plan. The research aims to study and highlight the using recycled asphalt as a suggested sustainable method for road maintenance procedures. Therefore, the study elaborates on the historical use of recycled asphalt, its advantages, and disadvantages. Besides that, maintenance process categories to ensure the suitable type that helps provide the best quality of the network. Since roadway pavement assessment is based on quality as well as different characteristics parameters such as rutting, cracking, pavement quality Index, and roughness in addition to other parameters. The primary method used in this study is the review of existing literature. It can be concluded that the use of recycled asphalt in road maintenance can become a viable and sustainable alternative to current road maintenance practices. ItemOverview of Concrete Deterioration Due to Sulphate Attack and Comparison of Its Requirements in International Codes(Springer Link, 2023) Al-Haddad, Diala Basim; Jokhio, Gul Ahmed; Abu Tair, AbidAny material or geometric property change that has an impact on structural performance is known as structural deterioration. Although this phenomenon is gradual, if it is not evaluated and fixed in a timely manner, it will have a severe impact on the structure and, in some historical occasions, may result in collapse. Deterioration has a variety of causes and mechanisms. Some are regarded as external, such as the environment, which is critical in areas with tough climate conditions, as the Arab Gulf, where temperatures and humidity are high, another factor is the low quality of the materials and poor craftsmanship. Depending on the type of materials used in the structure and the environment in which it is created, several precaution approaches for structural degradation may be adapted. Sulphate attack is one of the most widespread deteriorating mechanisms; this type of chemical damage can result in cracks, spalling, and disintegration of the structure, diminishing its strength. This paper presents a thorough investigation of this degrading agent, including its causes, effects, international code provisions, as well as recent studies on the subject with a focus on the Arab Gulf Countries. The outcomes of this study demonstrated that this phenomenon, with its various mechanisms, has a negative impact on structures. Despite the distribution of sulphates in the Gulf, the existence of chloride and the precautionary measures taken successfully limited their impact on structures. ItemA Sustainable Approach to Improve the Interior Design of Existing Space: The Case of the BUiD Main Lobby(Springer Link, 2023) Aloudeh, Rahaf; Elmardi, Manar; Sheta, WaelThe Interior designers’ role in the built environment is creating spaces that meet the needs of their clients through a process of critical thinking, research, and creative solutions. In addition to considering other aspects such as the client’s health, safety, and wellbeing as well as the environmental impact which is considered a sustainable thinking by the designer. This paper will focus on analysing the interior characteristics for a space in an educational building. The study will thoroughly explore the existing condition of the chosen space, identify and analyse the raw materials, manufacturing methods, transportation, use, maintenance, and disposal of all the furnishings, fixtures, and equipment specified for an interior environment. Subsequently, the proposed strategies and methods will be presented to replace the existing conditions with sustainable alternatives. In addition to propose options for an alternative design that follows more sustainably responsible practices using the life cycle approach, explaining the solutions that could be used to improve sustainability of the chosen building interior space. ItemCritical Thinking Skills Profile of High School Students in AP Chemistry Learning(Springer Link, 2023) Raslan, GilanFrom classrooms to workplaces, educators and policy makers have emphasized the necessity of graduating students who are strong critical thinkers for nearly 50 years and more (Forawi 2016). Critical thinking skills are a vital pillar skill to tackle the challenges of the twenty-first century. Critical thinking is defined as a set of fundamental skills that must be mastered before one may progress to more complicated thinking. Aiming to obtain more insight into the aspects of critical thinking, the present study particularly examines quantitively the critical thinking skills level of grade 12 students in a scientific learning context. Over a 35-min test, based on Danczak DOT criteria, data was collected and analyzed. The study’s findings revealed that the students’ critical thinking abilities are in medium range. However, other implications regarding curriculum modifications, educational teaching strategies and teachers’ readiness are needed to foster students’ critical thinking skills. ItemSuccessful Practices of Leadership on School Improvement: A Case Study in a Private School in Dubai(Springer Link, 2023) Abouelanein, Ahmed ElSayed; Hossni, MohamedThis paper aimed to investigate successful practices of school leadership that lead to school improvement. To achieve this, the paper adopted the mixed-method approach and utilized two instruments: The first instrument is teachers’ and leadership members’ perceptions of school improvement questionnaire to collect quantitative data, the second instrument is a semi-structured interview with the school principal for the qualitative data. The analysis of both collected data led to a conclusion that school principal careful and professional practices have a significant impact on the overall school improvement. These practices include parents’ engagement, curriculum reform, teachers’ well-being, and professional development for both teachers and leadership members. This case study is an evidence-based guideline for educators and decision makers seeking quality education in their personalized- context learning community. ItemThe Knowledge-Evolving Project: Fundamentals to a Complete Project Knowledge Management Discipline(Springer Link, 2023) Dabbour, GhassanThis paper establishes a knowledge management doctrine unique to the field of project management. The paper investigates and expands on the theoretical frameworks and practices of organisational knowledge management – which is the dominate doctrine in the discipline of knowledge management – to deduce a theory and a practice of project knowledge management that is distinctive from other knowledge management fields. It is discovered that the knowledge dynamics at the foundational level of project knowledge management is a symmetrical transposition of that of organisational knowledge management. Thus, the Knowledge-Evolving Project doctrine is established as the inverse of the Knowledge-Creating Company. Exploring a knowledge management discipline distinctive to project management inevitably leads to new insights that are potentially significant to managing knowledge in projects in particular and to knowledge management discipline in general. Most of the current literature on project knowledge management is almost indistinguishable from organisational knowledge management. The very same theoretical and empirical concepts and ideas are applied interchangeably in both management fields. This paper takes the rare step of creating a new theory and practice of project knowledge management such that it is distinctive from other knowledge management fields.