The British University in Dubai (BUiD) Digital Repository

Welcome to BSpace, the online institutional repository of the British University in Dubai. BSpace provides access to the Dissertations, Thesis, Research projects, Faculty publications and archives of BUiD.

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Recent Submissions

The Effects of Integrating Technologies in The Construction Dispute Resolution
(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2024-03) RASHID, ABDULLAH AHMED; Dr Abba Kolo
This research paper is about the effects be it positive or negative of technologies being implemented in the construction dispute resolution field. The technologies of interest are Online dispute resolution, Artificial intelligence, and blockchain technology, with the use of primary, secondary, and empirical research it was found that these technologies have their benefits and challenges some waying in more with benefits more than challenges and the opposite is true. ODR provided accessibility to proceedings and document circulation while imposing a challenge for cost saving. AI inflected a benefit of providing precise decision making while imposing a challenge of the lack of human touch in verdicts. Blockchain provided the benefit of having the records immune to tampering and alteration with a challenge of integrating such complex technology. These technologies provide improvement to such complex field nonetheless continues development and implementation is required to fill in the gaps and reduce the challenges it imposes.
Investigating Educators’ Perceptions of the Impact of STEM Project-Based Learning on 21st Century Skills
(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2024-03) AL-TIMANI, SANAA; Professor Sufian Forawi
This study investigates educators' perspectives on STEM Project-Based Learning (PBL) implementation and its effectiveness in fostering 21st century skills in private American schools in Ajman, UAE. It also explores how demographic factors among educators influence their views on STEM PBL's efficacy in promoting these skills. Given the limited research in the UAE on this topic, the study aims to fill this gap. Using a mixed-method approach, 116 science, math, and ICT teachers from three Ajman schools (elementary, middle, and high school) participated. Quantitative data were gathered through an 18-item questionnaire covering five dimensions, while qualitative data were collected through interviews with four teacher leaders and open-ended questions within the questionnaire. The findings indicate that the 18 items play a significant role in the implementation and practices of STEM PBL to develop 21st century skills.Teachers identified several challenges, such as managing extensive curriculum content, time constraints, limited resources, and difficulties in interdisciplinary collaboration. Demographic factors like gender, age, academic qualification, or teaching experience did not significantly influence perceptions. However, the grade levels taught had a notable impact, with high school teachers showing greater proficiency in STEM PBL. The study suggests the need for further research with broader samples and larger teacher cohorts. It concludes that while STEM PBL is beneficial, ongoing professional development is crucial to help educators overcome challenges and effectively foster 21st century skills in students.
Termination of Construction Contracts Under the UAE Law and FIDIC
(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-11) KADRI, SARAH; Professor Aymen Masadeh
Construction is among the industries, if not the top industry, that play the most key role in the economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Like all other industries, Construction faced recently exceptional critical challenges due to the pandemic which caused an extensive inability, or at least a substantial hardship, for innumerable parties to comply with their contractual obligations. Eventually, this resulted in an increase in the number of delays in the projects’ deliveries and, in numerous cases, resulted in the dissolution of the contracts. Consequently, the importance of the concept of contracts termination gained considerable attention compared to the pre-pandemic era, as the relevant clauses and legal provisions were the lifeline equipment to some parties, while they were the calamity to many others. For this purpose, this paper focuses on the law provisions related to the termination of contracts under UAE Civil Code, and their application by the UAE courts. The paper also reviews the relevant provisions in Fidic Red Book (1987, 1999 and 2017) and highlights their applicability under UAE law. The paper concludes that a contract can be lawfully terminated under both the UAE law and FIDIC Red Book (1987, 1999 and 2017) under specific conditions and subject to certain requirements. Therefore, it is essential for the parties to be cautious and to be fully aware of the law, the contractual rights, obligations, and procedures, while drafting the contract and prior to taking such a termination decision and declaring it officially to the other party. This dissertation provides a comprehensive overview of the concept of the termination of contracts under the UAE law and under FIDIC (Red Book).
Explanatory Sequential Study of Teachers’ and Students’ Perceptions of Inclusion Provisions for Students with ASD in High Schools in Dubai
(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2024-05) ALSHUAIBAT, SUHA MOHAMMAD; Professor Eman Gaad
This research provides an explanatory sequential analysis of teachers’ and students’ perceptions concerning the inclusion of students with ASD in private high schools located in Dubai. The method used is a combination of surveys and interviews, which allows the researcher to investigate teachers' and students’ perceptions of inclusion policies, which act as support mechanisms as well as determines the resources utilised. The results also show that there is a huge deviation between the teachers' experience and training in accommodating students with ASD for inclusion, though challenges such as resource constraints and a lack of supportive structures are anticipated. The study reveals the difference in interpreting inclusion policies according to teachers’ level of experience and special training which supports professional development that targets these problems appropriately. On the other hand, it shows from a very positive point of view how inclusion can be easily achieved in all kinds of materials if teachers and peers help out with their participatory efforts. The study focuses on the importance of powerful teaching strategies and a receptive learning space for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as well as practical experience, to improve teachers’ efficacy in inclusive education. Increasing the approach to inclusive classroom practices, emphasising individualised education plans for ASD students and improving communication between peers and teachers are some of the recommendations that can be made. This research makes important contributions to the understanding of inclusive education policies and practices for ASD students in Dubai, showing how, despite their efforts some reform is still needed.
Understanding the factors affecting users’ acceptance of smart government mobile applications using a hybrid SEM-ANN approach
(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-02) ZARE, AISHA ALI; Professor Sherief Abdullah
Abstract In recent years, smart cities have received significant attention as solutions to the complex problems modern communities face. The popularity and demand for smartphones and applications continue to increase, and smart governments are using innovative applications as essential tools to boost the effectiveness and efficiency of their services and to achieve transformation from an electronic government (e-government) to a mobile government (m-government). However, only a few scholars have explored those factors affecting the use of m-government innovative applications in developing countries. Therefore, the primary aim of this research is to determine those variables that influence the users’ actual use of m-government innovative applications and to examine their relationships. To do so, this study extends the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with trust in the internet, trust in government, cultural influence, service quality, and public awareness. The proposed theoretical model is evaluated based on data collected from 146 m-government service users using questionnaire surveys and is analyzed through a two-stage analytical technique that includes PLS-SEM and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Among the 15 hypothesized associations in the research model, the correlations between variables support nine hypotheses, suggesting that these variables influence users’ adoption of smart government mobile applications. The results of this study reveal the positive impact of service quality, cultural influence, and public awareness on users’ perceived ease of use of smart government applications. The users’ perceived usefulness of smart government applications is also positively influenced by service quality and cultural influence. In contrast, their perceived ease of use and usefulness improves their attitude toward using these applications. The most important factor is perceived ease of use, affecting users’ intention and use of government smart applications. The most potent predictor of usage intention is attitude toward using smart applications. This study's key findings fill the literature gap and determine the most influential factors that impact end users, the state-of-the-art TAM model, and the effectiveness of the research model. These findings are expected to improve the current theorization of mobile technology elements that influence user acceptability and utilization of competent government mobile applications. This research also offers practical suggestions to m-government decision-makers and developers for improving the degree of actual use of their apps and services. Policymakers and practitioners in the smart government of Dubai can emphasize those factors that enhance the adoption of smart government mobile applications. Keywords: Smart cities, Mobile government (m-government), E-government, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Trust in the internet, Trust in government, Cultural influence, Service quality, Public awareness, User adoption, Smart government applications, Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness