Organisational Culture and Teamwork in Governmental Organization: The Case of the U.A.E

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British University in Dubai
This research paper investigates on the organisational culture and its effect on teamwork. The research aims to find correlation between cultural factors and teamwork. Many problems and challenges related to teamwork were observed at public sector that affects teamwork effectiveness. Challenges found to be such as lack of charismatic leadership, effective communication and motivation. Thus, teams become inefficient as it lacks of its critical attributes besides other important factors such as autonomy, authority and empowerment. The literate highlighted these issues and found that today's organisations face many challenges due to the changing environment. Organisations are required to adapt to the new environment in order to survive and perform effectively. In recent decades many organisations are changing their ways of carrying out their operational tasks. They become more depended on the teamwork rather than individual. This technique has shown improvement in organisational effectiveness and enhancement of workforce capabilities (Susan 1994). Nevertheless, lack of critical elements of team effectiveness such as leadership and communication might negatively affect the team performance and would probably cause dysfunctional conflict. Whereas, other researchers found that organisational culture factors can affect the overall performance of the organisation. Daniel and Aneil (1995) found that organisational culture related to important organizational outcomes such as growth and sales. However, leaders are the main shaper and builder of organisational culture (Anne et al. 2006), which can also be articulated by organisational structure (Huw et al. 2000). This paper identified 5 cultural factors; leadership, communication, organisational structure, empowerment and rewards as a critical factors of organisational culture. The main hypothesis is the positive correlation between organisational culture and teamwork, while the sub-hypotheses are the positive relationships between independent variables and teamwork. In order to collect the data 472 questionnaire were distributed, and 253 were returned. Using regression and correlation tests, the result indicated significant correlation between all independent variables and teamwork. Finally, the recommended solutions are proposed to public firms in order to have effective teamwork that can contribute to the successful of their strategy.
Organisational Culture, Teamwork, Governmental Organization, United Arab Emirates (UAE), public sector, motivation, leadership, organisational effectiveness, communication, empowerment