ItemThe mediating role of technology orientation in the relationship between risk management and performance of Dubai smart infrastructure projects(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-03) Alkaabi, Hessa; Dr Waris KhanDubai's infrastructure has been ranked 7th globally due to its efficiency, effectiveness, and use of advanced technologies. The success of Dubai's infrastructure can be attributed to five major factors; firstly, the government's dedication to ensuring that Dubai's infrastructure is among the best in the world. Secondly, the availability of cheap and plentiful labor from South Asia, which reduces construction costs. Thirdly, the honest and diligent administration of the Road and Transportation Authority (RTA), which ensures timely project delivery within budgetary limits. Fourthly, the RTA's role in project allocation, design approval, and safety compliance. Finally, Dubai's strict traffic and vehicle laws, which ensure safety and penalize violators. Hence, primary research was designed to investigate if technological innovation is impacting positively on the performance of the projects of smart infrastructure but it also turned risk management further complicated. The research was conducted on a private construction agency in the United Arab Emirates. The survey tool used to collect data from its participants and 100 responses considered to analyses. The primary research findings are consistent with the literature review, indicating that risk management is crucial in optimizing smart infrastructure projects. The study revealed that respondents recognized the significance of all stages of risk management in the context of smart infrastructure. However, the research identified that organizations in Dubai need to improve their risk management practices as they struggle to effectively mitigate risks and implement risk mitigation plans. Despite this, respondents were content with the early warning practices and pre-monitoring measures in place to identify potential risks. Primary research recommending to cconduct a comprehensive risk assessment, implement robust security measures, develop a disaster recovery plan, conduct regular security audits, train employees on cyber security best practices, collaborate with cyber security experts, and stay up-to-date with cyber security trends to further enhance the efficiency and outcome of smart infrastructure and lower the risks. ItemEffectiveness of communication processes in Agile Project Management Approach in the UAE Utility Sector(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-03) AFIFI, MUTASIM ABDALLA HASSANThe goal of this study is to find out how well the communication processes in the UAE Utility Industry work with the Agile Project Management Approach. For this reason, the present study will incorporate a quantitative research methodology that will allow the researcher to verify secondary data on the agile project management strategy. The utility sector in the UAE will be surveyed, as will its management, to gather primary data. Agile project management has suitably made it possible to obtain an appropriate balance between stability and dynamism while providing an opportunity for quick and smart strategy, structure, and process. Due to potentially strong investment from the private sector and collaboration with global investor engagement, the utility sector is considered to be one of the strongest and most lucrative businesses that offers a wide range of services. Research into the many facets of communication has the potential to improve utility sector efficiency and the effectiveness of related undertakings, contributing to structuration theory. Team members should have a voice in the agile project management process, maintain open lines of communication with stakeholders, and discuss problems in a timely manner to increase tolerance and acceptance. ItemTHE FACTORS THAT CAUSE DISPUTES, VARIATIONS AND DELAY WITHIN THE UAE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2022-09) MANQOUSH, MANSOUR AHMEDDisputes and differences are prevalent in the UAE construction industry, delaying the completion of building projects. The study concludes that it is unusual, rather than expected, for there to be a clear and systematic method for identifying the fundamental causes of things such as conflicts and delays-causing modifications. This study aims to categorize and rank the most important reasons of disputes and various delays in construction in order to identify the root causes of delays; and to suggest solutions to minimize the delays and their impact on the parties involved in the construction project. Following a comprehensive literature review, a questionnaire for a detailed survey and interviews was developed to identify the root causes of the factors of controversies, disputes, and variations that lead to delays in order to rank the factors influencing such delays according to their severity, probability, and impact. In addition, after identifying and categorizing the causes of disputes, variations, and delays, the causes were divided into nine major groups: Consultant Allied Factors (FACONS), Contractor Allied Factors (FACONT), Design Allied Factors (FADG), Equipment Allied Factors (FAEQ), External Allied Factors (FAEX), Labor Allied Factors (FALB), Materials Allied Factors (FAMT), and Client/Owner Allied Factors (FAPT). The general result of the research is that financial concerns, as well as the failure of joint venture and subcontract management, play a key part in the UAE construction industry's project delays. The customer will monitor how the general contractor pays his subcontractors and suppliers, as well as any other issues that delay the project's completion. The Client must evaluate the Contractor's technical and financial capabilities to ensure that the collaborative project is completed on time so that they can start to realize the benefits of their investment, they must plan the project's schedule in light of their financial resources and create an effective financial plan for the prompt payment of qualified and deserving vendors and other stakeholders. ItemThe Influence of Kanban Project Management Methodology Success Factors on Data Science Project Teams(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2022-06) AHMED, ARWAThe current study targeted the issue of Kanban methodology integration for the needs of effective management of Data Science project teams. The rapid growth in the number of Data Science projects that are being implemented in the contemporary world has increased the relevance of the study in this sphere. It is vital to develop effective and reliable project management methods that can enhance the productivity and quality of cooperation among members of a Data Science project team. To address this question, the researcher reviewed the following key variables: Data Science project team challenges, and success factors of the Kanban methodology. It was important to estimate the potential influence of specific challenge factors on the performance of the Data Science project teams. In addition, the role of Kanban success factors as instruments of mitigating and preventing challenges was assessed. The results of the study were based on the collection of survey data from the target population of project managers and other members of the Data Science project teams. The data analysis methods included descriptive statistics and regression analysis. The study outcomes demonstrated the effectiveness of the Kanban methodology in dealing with some pre-identified project management challenges in the field of Data Science. The study produced a significant premise. This suggests that the target population may not have the necessary knowledge and experience to effectively benefit from the Kanban project management techniques. Further research will be required to evaluate this premise. ItemAuto Mechanism International Cleaning System Project Management of Cleaning Panels Opportunity in the Exterior Design Approach to Achieve Design Growth in the Built Environment(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2022-10) ALGARMOOUZI, SALA ESSAM HUSSEINDue to covid-19 pandemic and the extremely needs for a healthier environment, weather from the exterior elevations or from the interior materials, the auto mechanism cleaning system came to improve the sustainability through the cleaning system, to improve the lifestyle & the health of human-beings, and to increase the culture motivation between us in create an easier life, in addition to enhance the technological orientation as well as the sustainable orientation from worldwide, due to the move toward a technological sustainable environment. Most of the researchers focused on studying solar panels and glass panels on the aspects of the natural atmosphere such as wind, rain, dust, and other natural weather conditions that we are exposed to in the life cycle of the globe, in addition to studying the amount of dust on these panels and the proportions of dust resulting from exposure of panels to rain and wind. And the resulting dust ratios, and then an example of a city located in Poland was mentioned, in which the dust ratios in solar panels were compared to window panels, and the extent to which the quality and efficiency of these panels was affected negatively or positively. This Dissertation presents a solution to the problem of quality and efficiency of panels in the presence of natural factors, in addition To the extent of storage capacity of solar energy rays and their estimated percentage, and to the methods of preserving the texture of glass panels and solar panels as materials, what materials will be used to enhance the project, the management method and the end result of the product , theoretically, scientifically, and commercially, because of what it enhances the methods of sustainability services in order to preserve human health , the environment and the technology for cultural stimulation that brings benefit to living organisms from humans, animals and plants. The dissertation will be focusing on a problem to solve and to go in parallel with two directions, first direction the theoretical part and the second direction is the practical part, which will focus on a business scope of work, and from theoretical side will focus on the researchers’ experiences, collecting the positive results in coordination with the negative results in order to improve the output methodology of the Auto-Mechanism Cleaning system. As well as changing the negative results of the researcher’s results experiences and transfer it into a positive business case which will serve the human-beings as well as the human health and providing a cleaning methodology for the buildings. ItemEnterprise risk management in healthcare organizations(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-04) SAJWANI, REHABBackground & Purpose – Risk management is changing dramatically as organizations move away from old, siloed approaches and toward an enterprise-wide strategy. Organizational Risk Management (ERM) emerged as a new approach for managing organizational risks, concentrating on mechanisms to increase corporate governance and risk management in a holistic manner across many enterprise domains. The aim of this research is to explore the different factors that contribute to the success of ERM in healthcare organizations. For doing this the author examines global scenarios of implementation of ERM in healthcare organizations as well as its further insights during Covid-19. Main findings from the literature indicating that there is a fundamental gap on the implementation of ERM in the UAE healthcare sector. Design/methodology/approach– The study examines the organizational factors that led to effective ERM. A quantitative methodology using survey questionnaire was conducted online for 100 employees in Tashafi al-Futtaim clinics. To give a better representation of Tashafi healthcare group, the sampling frame was based on random sampling of board of directors, senior and Junior Management. The respondents were asked questions about the organizational factors that contributed to the implementation of effective ERM in the organization including the governance and culture in their organization; Strategy development plans; ongoing Risk assessment; Information and communication; Roles and responsibilities of risk management team and Monitoring and control within the organization. Findings – Based on gathered data using SPSS, the study is statistically significant, additionally the six organizational factors in the study have positive correlation to implementation of effective ERM. However, different levels of agreement of each independent variable to dependent variable indicate different levels of contribution of each organizational factor on effective implementation of ERM. Findings present that the study organization has high agreement and correlation on contribution of governance and culture, and Monitoring and control to the effective implementation of ERM. While strategy development, risk assessment, Roles and responsibilities, and information and communication had mixed agreement to effective implementation to ERM. Research limitations/implications – The survey was conducted on Tashafi AL Futtaim clinics management employees through online link on google forms this presented a limitation of diverse sample of employees conducting the survey. Furthermore, the study is limited to a single healthcare institution, limiting the impact of organizational factors on effective ERM implementation. Practical Implications-. Despite these advancements, little research has been done on the elements that contribute to effective ERM adoption. The demand for ERM adoption has prompted organizations in a variety of industries, including healthcare, to adopt it as it is necessary to address risk management in healthcare to be within context of patient safety. Originality/value – Although large number of articles and studies have explored enterprise risk management (ERM), there are little data about effective ERM implementation in healthcare organizations in the Middle East specifically in Dubai. Keywords: Risk management, Enterprise risk management, healthcare organization, organizational factors, governance and culture, strategy development, risk assessment, monitoring and control, roles and responsibilities, information, and communication ItemProject management: perceived potential contribution of project management practices to project success in Ras Al-Khaimah UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-12) BAYER, AHMADThe motivation for taking this research was to understand what part of the problem executives are rehearsing as part of getting venture capital from organizations located in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE. In the 1950s, the draft guidance was applied depending on the development of events and the performance of specific tasks by the strategies of managers for significant protection programs. In this sense, the leaders' project was different from the associative center exercises. This ability has helped administrators meet practical commitments to the enterprise, as well as provide self-sufficiency and space to carry out their assigned tasks. The conclusions drawn from the review are consistent with past exams, which confirm that professionalism in project development depends on different parts of the leaders' activities. Among other things, the creation of a board of directors is vital in light of the fact that a fruitful executive enterprise begins with the amalgamation of cycles and individuals into a development project. Empowering managers have a significant impact on good business results. Many companies start out with smart thoughts, huge speculation, and incredible effort. However, most of them do not make much progress. Business leaders are locked in to successfully complete a task, and they are locked in to ensure that the scope of the entire business is set from start to finish. Consequently, project managers ensure that the tasks performed contain everything needed to complete the venture, as specified in the agreement. The impact of efficient use of time on project development, as well as low time and cost efficiency, was a major issue widespread in the global development industry, and the UAE was not a special case. Correspondence is becoming an essential tool for thinking, learning, sending, addressing, and maintaining culture. Correspondence is a way of creating and transmitting social qualities. In fact, culture is the result of social contacts. Moreover, the opposite is also true: correspondence exercises are essential to building, forming, maintaining, and communicating with the community. ItemApplication of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in the Automation of Supply Chain(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-12) ALTAHER, MAITHAThe current study was conducted by means of a quantitative research design with the focus being that of the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in terms of supply chain automation. Herein, the author focused on investigating supply chain-based automation trends, evaluating the type of supply chain outcomes that technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence lead to, and the type of technologies that lead to improvements in the supply chain. For this purpose, the author had made use of a suitably large sample size of one hundred and eighty-five participants. These participants were sent an online survey questionnaire comprised of five demographic questions and fourteen survey question items. This allowed the author to find that machine learning is highly prevalent in the UAE’s supply chains with artificial intelligence being specifically lacking. Through the findings, it was concluded that this may be due to the fact that artificial intelligence currently remains as a developing technology that needs to be furthered greatly in order to be relevant in the current supply chain environment. Lastly, the author was able to recommend that supply chains should integrate technologies that combine with the human effort rather than focus on replacing them. Keywords: Automation, Supply Chain, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, UAE, and Value Creation ItemThe Influence of Stakeholder Management on the Successful Implementation of Agile Project Management Methodology in Mega-Events Projects(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2019-07) ALI HASSAN, KHADIJAHMega-events bring challenges of different scale and complexities, and many scholars demanded flexible strategies and plans in managing hallmark events giving their complexity and unpredictability. Conventional methods in managing projects are considered unqualified and ill-prepared to handle these dynamic settings. Agile methodologies have acquired considerable vogue, significant interest and growing attention from the public as well as industries. The possibilities it brings are tremendous, and its benefits and values are well manifested and potentially more to offer in the other fields than software. Nowadays, agile has surpassed the small scale projects, and recently, many companies are keener to apply it on organisational level and large scale projects. This research is geared toward exploring the different characteristics that support and promote agile project management methodology within the context of mega-events. It will also investigate from the stakeholder perspective, how this application can be influenced and boosted through effective management of stakeholders. A conceptual framework developed from the thorough and critical review of the literature is proposed to determine the influence the effective stakeholder management framework (adopted after Yang et al. 2009) has on these ‘scaled’ agile characteristics and eventually on agile implementation in mega-events. The framework was applied in an exploratory survey with experienced people from diverse mega-events environments. The data gathered were processed via specialised software packages and thoroughly analysed against statistical standards. Due to the scarcity of scholarly papers that tackle mega-events from a project management perspective, and the modernity and novelty of agile methodology and its confined application within information technology and software development sectors, it was quite a challenge to find literature that explored this methodology in megaprojects. Hence, a broader approach in reviewing the scholarships was followed. Non-IT industries focusing primarily on large-sized organisations, construction sectors, enterprise-level agility and programme/ portfolio management levels (agile-at-scale) were investigated. The literature revealed of eleven peculiar features of agile in the mega-events context covering the following dimensions; project output & business values, customer involvement, communication and transparency, planning approach, team structure, leadership and culture, organisation structure, governance, learning & coaching, and hybrid method. The adopted framework for stakeholder management identified fifteen factors bundled into four groups; namely, information inputs, stakeholder estimate, decision making and stakeholder sustainable support. All stakeholder factors have proved evident influence on the agile characteristics. The study suggested the comprehension of all these factors to achieve an optimum influence. It also proposes – given the level of influence of these factors – classifying “information inputs” and “stakeholder estimate” as primary factors and “decision making” and “stakeholder sustainable support” and secondary. The study ends with a set of recommendations concluded from the study's outcomes and the literature review. These propositions mainly target organisations and decision makers within the mega-events industry and agile practitioners to shape the path forward in managing projects in mega-events. ItemThe impact of cultural diversity on project management communication(The British University in Dubai, 2022-03) HUSSEIN, ALAA BASSAM FUADIntroduction: Project management communication plays a critical role in ensuring the success and quality of the project delivery in the projects between diversified cultural project team members. considering the importance of effective and efficient project management communication, especially in the diversified cultural project teams, the research was carried out with the aim of highlighting the impact that cultural diversity has on project management communication in the IT sector of the UAE. Methodology: The research adopted an exploratory research design where the data was collected from 100 project managers and project team members who are working in the IT sector of the UAE using the survey questionnaire as the mode of data collection. Findings and Results: Based on the findings of the research, it was concluded that the significance value is less than 0.05, which means that the model of this study is highly significant. The cultural diversity p-value is 0.001, which is below 0.05. Therefore, the first hypothesis is accepted that there is a significant impact of cultural diversity on project management communication. The p-value of language barriers is also below 0.05, which also leads to the acceptance of the second hypothesis. Language barriers have a significant impact on project management communication in IT projects in the UAE. The p-value of cultural beliefs and project management leadership is also below 0.05, which leads to acceptance of the third and fourth hypotheses that the difference is that cultural beliefs have a significant impact on project management communication and the project manager’s leadership efficiency has a significant impact on project management communication. The results of the study are in line with some previous research, who said that when examined in terms of age, gender, and ethnicity, having a diverse workforce has a positive impact on the organization's performance. Implications: A diverse workforce, according to the author, may help a firm enhance efficiency and creativity. The findings of the research also discovered that project managers saw diversity as a key factor in increasing creativity in the workplace. Project managers play a critical role in fostering workplace diversity, and they must be held accountable for their efforts. In order to effectively lead their teams, PMs must invest time in learning about the unique work cultures of the individuals in their teams. It's a win-win situation for the team's health and well-being. All project managers should attend multicultural seminars, particularly those aimed at conflict resolution, in order to better comprehend the makeup of their organization's workforce. Aside from that, corporations should make it a regular practice or point of responsibility to send their PMs to external training in intercultural competency or to bring in consulting firms that specialize in this area of expertise to provide the training on a regular basis. Communication breaks down when we assume that other people share our worldview, which is impossible since we come from such diverse cultural and racial backgrounds. ItemThe Influence of Emerging Risks from the Implementation of Artificial Intelligence on Project Management(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2022-04) HAQIQI, MARAM MASOUDPurpose: This research aims to identify the emerging risks of the implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in project management. It will contribute to literature, through understanding the risks associated with the usage of artificial intelligence in project management based on the perception of users from different specializations. This research will focus on explaining the four main risk categories, namely legal, administrative, technical and cultural risks, that are related to the usage of artificial intelligence in project management. Methodology: A quantitative research method was employed to collect necessary data related to the usage of artificial intelligence in project management, through the distribution of an online questionnaire. The online questionnaire increased the likelihood of a higher number of responses; increased the speed of collecting responses; and enabled the inclusion of necessary and required questions sufficient to gather suitable data. The questionnaire was divided into two sections, the first helped in understanding the participants’ background, and the second section was an assessment of the influence of the emerging risks of the implementation of artificial intelligence on project management. The results from the questionnaire were analyzed using the One-Way ANOVA approach in SPSS software. Findings: The responses show that participants from different specializations had different concerns about two factors from the technical category which are “the need of several experiments and trials” and “unintentional mistakes in added inputs”. From the administrative category, responses show that participants from different specializations had different concerns about the factor “high cost”. Also, responses show that participants from different specializations had different concerns about “inequitable progress as a result of differing perceptions of AI responsibilities and tasks” from the cultural category. In addition, responses show that participants from different specializations had different concerns about one factor from the legal category, namely “data collection regulations”. Value: This research identified the links between the usage of artificial intelligence models in project management. It categorized the risks associated with the use of artificial intelligence and studied their impact and influence on project management. The research helped in developing a better understanding of how to minimize the impact of the identified risks on project management, to ensure delivering outcomes successfully. It also explained the perception of users from different specializations on the application of project management. ItemRisk Assessment of International Joint Ventures Construction Projects in UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2015-04) BAKIR, ABDALLAH YOUSEFInternational Joint Ventures become the popular form of collaboration between contractors to overcome projects complexity in United Arab Emirates. However, contractors have to manage and control IJVs efficiently to achieve their goals and objectives. For this reason, in this research the risk management techniques were utilized to identify and to assess the risks associated with IJVs in UAE. Moreover, a broad scope of understanding the relationships between risks’ factors and their impact on IJVs’ performance. Through an in-depth study of previous literatures, many factors were found to impact IJVs performance. For the purpose of this study, Partner and Host country related-factor were assessed in the context with IJVs in UAE. The conceptual framework was designed to rank the risks based on level of importance. In addition, the conceptual framework was proposed to test the relationships between the risks indicators and impacts on IJVs performance. Based on the proposed conceptual framework, a survey, and semi-structured interviews were designed and conducted for primary data collection. Based on previous literatures, a total number of 42 questions were designed to identify the risk of IJV, assess their impact, and test the relationships proposed in the conceptual framework. The sample of participants for the survey was selected randomly by visiting contractors working on IJV projects in UAE. A total of 200 emails were sent through a web-based questionnaire, out of this number only 56 respondents completed the survey. On the other hand, a pre-prepared set of questions was designed for exploratory reasons and to fill the gap of the survey. The main findings of both the survey and the interview revealed that in UAE, Inter-partner conflict is ranked the highest among partner related risks. On the contrary, culture difference was ranked the lowest in the same group. On the other hand, in UAE, contractors perceived the construction risks to be the highest risk in host country related-factors. In addition, some of the proposed relationships in the conceptual framework proved reliability while others were rejected such as ownership. Based on the findings, recommendations to the contractors were recorded to spot the light on the critical risks associated with IJVs in UAE construction industry. ItemThe Impact of Total Quality Management for achieving Sustainable Project Management(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-12) HUSSEIN, FUAD BASSAM FUADIntroduction: The implementation of quality management practices in the project management has been associated with the increased outcomes of the projects. The application of Total Quality Management tools and techniques have been studied in the research and its relationship with the quality of services provided by the public organization aligned with sustainable project management outcomes. Aims/ Objectives: The main purpose and objective of this quantitative research study is to recognize the role and the impact of total quality management (TQM) in attaining a sustainable project management across the public organizations in the UAE. Methodology:The research has adopted a quantitative approach towards data collection where different sources of data have been selected for gathering data for the research. Data was gathered using survey from 100 respondents working who were project managers, quality managers, and project associates, particularly working in DEWA, RTA, Dubai Customs, and Dubai Municipality. The data analysis was done using SPSS software were regression analysis; ANOVA, t-test, and correlation were conducted to test the research hypothesis. Findings and Results: The results from the correlation analysis highlighted that leadership have the highest positive 78.1 %(p=.000<0.05) correlation with economic sustainability, while has lowest positive 41.7% correlation with a customer focus. The results further showed that strategic planning has the least positive 32.1% correlation with economic sustainability, while the highest positive 81.4% correlation with social sustainability. The correlation analysis also shows that customer focus has the lowest positive 24.3% correlation with economic sustainability; however, it has the highest 41.7% positive correlation with leadership. Similarly, measurement analysis and knowledge management have the least positive 29.1% association with customer focus, while it has the highest 72% correlation with strategic planning. Workforce focus has the least positive 30.4% association with social sustainability, while it has 64.5% highest positive association with operation focus. H1(Leadership) R-value showed that leadership and sustainable project management has 80.5% correlation, while R-square value shows that 64.7% variance in sustainable project management is caused by leadership. (Strategic Planning) H2 R-value showed correlation of 78.2% between predictor and dependent variable, while R-square value shows that 61.2% variance in sustainable project management is caused by strategic planning. H3 (Customer Focus) showed that the correlation is 40.6%, while variance in sustainable project management caused by customer focus is 16.5%. H4 (Workforce Focus) R-value showed that there is a positive 54.4% correlation between workforce focus and sustainable project management. On the other hand, R-square value shows that 29.5% variance in sustainable project management caused by workforce focus. H5 (Operation Focus) shows that there is a 57.9% correlation between operation focus and sustainable project management. While R-square value shows that 33.5% variance in sustainable project management is caused by operation focus. H6 (Measurement Analysis and knowledge management) R-value showed that there is a 70.6% correlation between measurement analysis and knowledge management and sustainable project management. Table also shows that 49.8% variance in sustainable project management is caused by measurement analysis and knowledge management. The findings of the research concluded that there lies a significant and positive impact of applying total quality management approaches to the sustainable outcomes of the projects in the UAE region. All the three aspects and pillars of SPM, economic, social, and environmental sustainability were achieved through the implementation of total quality management dimensions that include knowledge management, operation focus, workforce focus and customer focus , strategic leadership, measurement analysis and knowledge management. Implication: The leaders and management in the public sector should give importance to the operational focus, customer focus and workforce focus in drafting project management strategies and practices. This helps brings more innovation and creativity in the project deliverables where the projects are specifically designed to benefit all the stakeholders. The leadership and project managers should also focus on the development of knowledge among the project team to gain sustainability in the project management practices. ItemRoot Causes of Delays in the Construction Projects in the UAE Public Sector and the Client’s Project Manager role in Mitigation(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-12) ATOUT, SAMI MAMOON MOUSAThe problem of delay is very common in the construction industry of the UAE public sector, and since that most projects of the public sector are governmental, the authorities hire project managers to represent them to manage the projects and deliver it within the time, cost, and quality required. This research aims to determine the root causes of delays in the construction projects in the UAE public sector, and the main role of the client’s project manager in mitigating the delays, and to demonstrate the key competencies that they must have in order to deliver the projects of the UAE public sector successfully. Qualitative and quantitative methods were approached to investigate the research problem, answer the research questions, meet the research objectives, and achieve the research aim. The research revealed that the main causes of delays in the construction projects are related to the principal project participants, the client, the consultant, and the contractor, while the minor causes of delays are related mainly to the ineffective performance of the contractor. The research indicates that the main causes of delays in the construction projects in the UAE public sector are related to contractual, financial, and technical issues. In addition, the research results show that the client project manager must be able to adopt the new technologies and tools of project management, and should have strong soft skills in order to deliver the project successfully. furthermore, the project manager must have enough experience and knowledge in the laws and regulations of the country, condition of contracts, clear understanding of the project objectives and the client’s requirements, and the scope of work of each stakeholder in the project to be able to maintain the project’s main constraints. The research ascertain that the potential risks of the project must be identified at a very early stage of the project and prior the commencement date by the client’s project manager to avoid the negative impact of them on the project. ItemUsing Blockchain as a Project Management Device(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2020-12) AL TEKREETI, ANASBlockchain technology is a revolutionary computing innovation. Blockchain technology allows people and companies to make agreements and store information safely without a middleman or entity (Novotny, 2018). It is groundbreaking technology that changes the communication methods of people and organizations across borders. Hence, the aim of this research is to propose an integrated framework for introducing Blockchain technology in the Project Management profession. The paper focuses on the using and applying blockchain tech in construction PM practices. This research paper proposes using blockchain technology in the construction field using the smart contract functionalities. It is expected that the blockchain- based solutions and platforms can make significant contributions to construction projects. The goal is to illustrate how UAE construction companies can implement blockchain technology, to create value addition and other improvements to overcome obstacles facing the industry. The research findings showed that PM can be Impacted by the introduction of Blockchain Technology, especially via smart contract functionalities. It also shows that blockchain smart contracts can be used in certain areas of PM. Overall, Nakamoto creates an amazing P2P system that lets users transfer Bitcoin directly, which does not need the presence of an intermediate figure. The focus is to minimize the broken trust digitally, with the concept of the blockchain. Some people believe that blockchain can move societies to operate digitally. It is a blend of old technologies already existing for a long time. For example, smart contracts are a blockchain based solution that involves linking applications to blockchain (Risius & Spohrer, 2017). It is architecturally decentralized, in the Blockchain. Blockchain is a groundbreaking technology that changes the communication methods of people and organizations across borders. a private blockchain is an invitation-only network governed by a single entity (Yang et al, 2020). Participants would need to gain permission into the network, to access the blockchain. In this paper, a blockchain-based model is used to show that a Blockchain infrastructure can be applied in Project Management (PM). The model is based private cloud infrastructure (i.e. private blockchain). In other words, the characteristics are established on access control mechanisms, regarding sharing project information (Erhan et al, 2019). With this infrastructure, a company has control over who has access to project aspects (Erhan et al, 2019). It can also disperse any or all parts of project information (Erhan et al, 2019). Since it is blockchain-based, carrying out obligations does not require a managing authority. Hence, the data and information are under the authority of the data owner and the sharing of data cannot be altered or removed, without the permission of the project owner (Erhan et al, 2019). Furthermore, the greater demand for blockchain technology justifies the need for block-chain based solutions, such as smart contracts because these solutions are more effective and dependable approaches that can modernize construction PM, especially in the UAE. For this reason, this study can help researchers further uncover critical areas in construction PM that were deemed too complicated or unexplorable to integrate with blockchain technology. Overall, researchers will be informed and guided (by the recommended approaches derived from the research findings) on what factors should be emphasized, to further incorporate blockchain-based solutions into various UAE industries. It is important to have an effective information platform that can 1) gather project information; and 2) provide information (from planning to closing) to relevant parties (Teresko, 2004). It also key that this ‘platform’ allows information to be open, transparent, and comprehensive, especially for complex projects (Teresko, 2004). This is where the technological power of blockchain technology and block-chain based solutions can revolutionize project management. This research paper proposes applying blockchain technology in construction projects through smart contract functionalities. It is expected that the blockchain- based solutions and platforms can make significant contributions to construction projects. The research methodology utilizes the use of both secondary and primary sources. It applies a literature review approach, which involved finding and identifying relevant articles related to the topic, to review and analyze. It also utilizes a survey questionnaire to gain more insight into the overall attitudes towards the technology. Specifically, it measures attitudes and investments about using blockchain in the UAE. The research paper examines the impact of blockchain technology on project management practices in three phases. First, it discusses the fields of Construction and Project Management (PM) before the creation and evolution of blockchain technology. Second, it examines the project life cycle & standard PM approach as well as the effective implementation of life cycle management (LCM) in construction projects. Third, it conveys that the applying blockchain in the construction industry means improving PM. The goal is to illustrate how UAE construction companies can implement blockchain technology, to create value addition and other improvements to overcome obstacles facing the industry. ItemCultural Diversity impact on public project success & Innovation role in UAE public sector(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2017-09) AL SUWAIDI, RAFIA SULTANThis research paper investigates the impact of cultural diversity on public project success as well as innovation ideas it can help generate in the UAE public sector. Furthermore, this research aims to find the relation between cultural diversity and its impact on project success. In this research, different criteria’s have been found that will have an impact on project success which will reduce the effectiveness of teamwork which will reduce the chances of the project being a success. Some of the challenges that have been found are leadership, project management, open communication, top management support, rewards etc. By not providing the proper climate needed for innovation as well as managing the group of people from different cultures, teams can become inefficient. This paper identified 8 factors that will influence project success rate; leadership, knowledge management, rewards, innovation, top management support, empowerment and cultural diversity. Questionnaire was handed to a public transport organization and its employees had to compulsory fill in their answers. 70 questionnaires were handed to the employees and the percentage was found using pie chart. Furthermore, the bar chart also has been provided which shows the frequency of the people in terms of the answers that they gave. ItemPerformance Comparison between Design-Build vs. Design-Bid-Build in construction projects at UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2021-04) KATARIA, SHERIF MOKHTAR AHMAEDContracts are the main part of any construction industry and the construction is one of the main pillars of the economy in UAE. Moreover, the dynamic economy requires more development for the construction contracts to avoid ambiguity and uncertainty, which might lead to conflicts between contracts parties. The majority of construction contracts are between two parties, which may refer as Client and Contractor or Employer and contractor. In the research paper, a study is conducted to make comparison between two major types of construction contracts related to the construction industry in UAE. The first type is Design Bid Build (DBB) which is the traditional type for most of the construction contracts, in this type the client or the employer is preparing tender documents including full scope of design drawings, specifications, general conditions and bill of quantities. All those documents called the tender documents after that the contractors to prepare the commercial and the technical offers based on the full documents that they received from the procurement team, consequently the client or the employer awards the contractor the contract based on the best commercial and technical proposal. The second type is Design and Build (DB), which is the client or the employer, is preparing scope of work and basic design requirements that describes his needs without detailed bill of quantities and without full design. All those documents shall called RFP (Request for Proposal) after that the contractor to prepare the commercial and technical offers and the bill of quantities and after awarding the contract to complete the design. Moreover, there are other ways for contracts between both parties depend on the time and value of the business and the scope of the project. On the research paper, the comparison will discuss with professional project, contract & commercial mangers to highlight the differences, positives and negatives for each type. The main objectives of this research to highlight the benefits of each type, the study shall take place using mixed methodology qualitative and quantitative. The literature review will show first the methodology of interviews with semi structure interview and present five questions with the possibility of adding any points in addition to the questions. The interviews conducted by online video conferences and the result recorded by sending emails and asking them to reply each question. Most of construction projects in UAE are conducted by Design-Bid-Build contracts despite this type of contracts seems to be more time consuming, more costly and demand more resources, on the other hand Design and Build (DB) contracts are less used in UAE although it is more beneficial to be used in complex and major projects moreover it can reduce the project time and reduces the cost of the construction projects. In addition, it requires less resources and manpower. ItemThe Role of Transparency and Leadership in the governance of UAE Organisations(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2012-04) ABDULLA AL MARRI, SHAMSA KHALIFAThe dissertation seeks to determine the extent to which transparency and good governance has been advanced in the organizations of the United Arab Emirates. In the past, the Middle East and North African countries had rated low in international surveys, compared to other countries in terms of transparency and corporate governance. The incidents involving Dubai Ports World (DP World) and the federation’s largest holding company, Dubai World, fuelled the general perception that UAE corporate culture is generally opaque. The financial crisis and ensuing global economic recession had also taken its toll on the UAE as it had with both developed and developing countries alike. The global crisis underscored the importance of transparency and good governance particularly in the area of global investing. Mindful that the UAE will need to attract foreign direct investments to recover quickly from the crisis, the UAE leadership embarked upon a mandatory program for transparency and good governance for all organizations within the federation. This study surveyed 150 managers in UAE profit, non-profit, and business organizations, and measured their perceptions as to their transparency in ten data disclosure categories, across seven disclosure criteria. Recall data was collected in the form of the respondents’ perception of transparency before and after the good governance decree was implemented. An interview was likewise conducted on aspects of the transparency of DP World in particular and UAE organizations in general. The study showed that significant improvements have been noted for all three types of organizations, but the improvement was more substantial for government organizations and more formal or technical for business organizations, with much room for improvement for the latter. Economic effects of transparency are inconclusive at this point ItemLeadership Development in the Government Sector in Abu Dhabi(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2012-01) AL-RUMAITHI, MAHAThe Emirate of Abu Dhabi is going through significant changes in many jurisdictions, all under the close supervision of the government authority. The Abu Dhabi government had set high goals in order be ranked one of the best five government in the world. And it has cascaded this vision to all government entities to adopt and implement it. However, the government entities must go under reform and restructuring the organization to be able to successfully implement the vision and achieve those goals. One of the aspects, which the organizations must focus on, is leadership style and leadership development. This dissertation will discuss the different types of leadership styles and their effect on the organization’s performance and developing its leaders. ItemCYBER-ATTACKS AND DATA INTEGRITY CONCERNS CRIPPLE LARGE PARTS OF THE INTERNET ON BANKING(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2020-02) AL BLOUSHI, MANALThe use of the internet in the banking sector is increased day by day. Most of the activities now are done with the help of the internet. However, with the advancement of technologies, the banking sector goes to the next level e-banking platform. They implement several technologies to gain a huge customer base and competitive advantage. However, with technological advancements, the cyber-crime is also boosted. The banking sector faces the most cyber-attack and confronts a huge financial loss as well. This research is conducted in the banking sector of the UAE. The topic of this research is to know about the impact on data integrity and the cyber-attack on the financial sector. Therefore, the researcher set some objectives and research aim before starting the work. However, this research will focus on the typology of the cyber-attack and its impact on the scope of the e-banking platform. Apart from that, customers' behavioral change for the e-banking platform is also focused. It is recommended that the banking sector should implement several tools and methods to secure the platform for the customers. However, the Government should take some steps and implement some regulations to cope up with these difficult situations. However, the latest technologies like machine learning, DBMS, cloud-based technology and BlockChain can help in this matter.