The Impact of the BIM Organizational Risks on the BIM Enhanced Project Delivery and Organization Improvement

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The British University in Dubai (BUiD)
This dissertation paper targets the topic of the Building Information Modelling (BIM) due to its importance in enhancing the delivery of construction projects as well as the challenges that face its implementation and jeopardize its advantages, it attempts to provide a brief background about BIM and its main differences with the traditional CAD method, then it discusses the topic of risk in general and moves on to explain the main types of BIM challenges that were suggested in the literature. Furthermore, this research paper uses a number of project case studies reported by other researchers to address the relationship between the risks of BIM and three of the main advantages that it offers to projects and organizations including the reduction of cost and time and the improvement of collaboration, the paper then proposes the main research hypothesis which assumes that the perceptions of the impact of BIM challenges on its advantages are dependent on the demographic attributes of industry professionals, this includes aspects such as the type and size of the organization, the role and the general and BIM experience levels. This proposition is then tested through a questionnaire that first establishes the earlier mentioned demographic characters of the respondents and then it examines how respondents would rate the effect of 18 BIM risks on the three major BIM advantages of cost, time and collaboration. In addition to the survey, an interview with a senior products manager in a major engineering consultancy has been conducted to further elaborate on the challenges of BIM and the possible strategies for managing them. The main outcomes of the questionnaire are first presented in a descriptive manner by explaining the demographic distributions of the sample and how they might impact the ranking of BIM risks, then a frequency analysis studies the rating patterns and distributions of certain BIM risks that were either agreed or disagreed on by the majority of the respondents, after that rankings of the BIM challenges based on their impact on its advantages and according to the demographic groups of the respondents are explained. Moreover, a variance analysis of the ratings of BIM risks based on the demographic attributes of the respondents is conducted through an SPSS program; its findings either prove or reject the research hypothesis. Then a factor analysis is produced in the same program to group the 18 BIM risks into a smaller number of components. Finally, the discussion of this paper tries to find a relationship between the findings in the literature, the survey and the interview regarding the risks of BIM and their effect on its major advantages and suggests certain areas for future investigation.
BIM organizational risks, BIM enhanced project delivery, Building Information Modelling (BIM), construction projects