Influence of organisational delay risk factors on project critical success factors in construction projects in the UAE

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The British University in Dubai (BUiD)
Construction sector has witnessed a boost in number of projects in the past decade in the UAE. With the advancement in technology and experts, large number of complex projects are taking shape but has many organisational related risks. Project delays are the most common challenges faced by several construction organisations which leads to major effect on overall project time, cost and quality. The goal of this research paper is to identify the influence of the organisational delay factors causing risks on project success in construction projects based in the UAE. Related literature was studied, the aspects were identified into three vital project bodies such as client, consultant and contractor. Several organisational risks rooted with these parties were recognised. Additionally, the triple constraints are taken into consideration in order to comprehend the effect that lead to the development of the conceptual framework that incorporates the highlighted factors. This is used as a fundamental base for performing the quantitative analysis through questionnaire. The acknowledgment from the analysis resulted in various findings such as project time and cost being hindered most of the time with 46.5% and 37.2% respectively. The three hypotheses that stated contractor organisational delay risk factors have a significant influence in time, cost and quality success factors in construction projects in the UAE, were accepted by making contractors the highest risk generators. Unconventional to the discoveries made in the literature review that were anticipated to be reflected on the findings of the study, it was concluded that least number of risks were originated from the clients, who only affected the duration of the project. Hence, verifying how effectively clients carry out their financial capabilities and selection of specifications. Lastly, another contradictory factor identified which should be given prominent significance is the contractual documentations that has ranked to be the top risk factor. Therefore, this proceeded to recommendations including advices to the project participants and techniques to enhance project success which form a guideline for overcoming the organisational risks in construction projects. Nevertheless, this study implies to raise awareness of the risks which are typically unintentionally excluded during planning, indicate the critical factors to be considered and bridge the gaps towards project success.
project delays, project critical success factors, construction projects, United Arab Emirates (UAE)