ItemFailures Root Cause Analysis for Sewer Pipeline Network System(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) JAROOR, SAADI; Professor Alaa A-AmeerWastewater System is one of the most critical infrastructure systems. It is known that there are several types of Wastewater, and this dissertation is concerned with the Sewer type of Wastewater in particular. In addition, there are several systems of Sewer Wastewater as the dissertation is centered around Sewer Wastewater Pipeline Systems. Furthermore, there are two types of Sewer Wastewater Pipeline Systems: the gravity and pressure systems, and both systems will be discussed in this dissertation. The Sewer Wastewater Pipeline System was chosen for several reasons, the most important of which is finding Sewer Wastewater Pipeline System failures that affect the Sewer Wastewater as a whole System. In addition, to the danger effects of Sewer Wastewater Pipeline System failures. These effects may reach the residents of the area where the Sewer Wastewater Pipeline System failures occur. Furthermore, there are very harmful environmental effects. This dissertation aims to study the Sewer Pipelines system failures in an infrastructure organization in one of the Middle East countries. The period of data collected from 2014-2022. For studying and analyzing this topic, some techniques will be used Failure Rate, Pareto Chart, FMEA, and Fishbone Diagram. The research findings are summarized as the failure rate of the Gravity Pipeline system is higher than the Pressure Pipeline system. Also, the most frequent system failures are Pipeline broken, joint dislocation, connection broken, and damage. In addition, the most important consequences of the sewage pipeline system effects are the health, environmental impact, and road collapse in some failure cases. Furthermore, the most critical root cause is Third Party, Water Hammer, and Groundwater movement. ItemThe impact of leadership on employees’ performance while working remotely, a case study of DEWA in Dubai(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-12) ALFARDAN, AMEER JASSIM ZAINAB; Dr Gul AhmedThe current investigation sets out to discover the impact of varying leadership approaches on staff performance at DEWA amidst the “COVID-19” pandemic, a time marked by an upsurge in “remote work”. We focused our attention on four distinctive leadership styles: “transformational”, “transactional”, “autocratic”, and “laissez-faire”. Moreover, we considered the potential moderating effects of “intrinsic motivation” and the equilibrium between work and personal life. Our findings reveal that “transformational leadership” played a substantial role in boosting “employee performance” and promoting a healthy “work-life balance”. “Transactional leadership” displayed a marginal influence on “employee performance”, while autocratic and “laissez-faire leadership” styles demonstrated no noteworthy effects. A fascinating finding was the positive moderating role of “intrinsic motivation”, which intensified the correlation between “transformational leadership” and “employee performance”. The implications of this study underscore the need to embrace “transformational leadership” practices at DEWA in order to cultivate a more efficient “remote working” atmosphere in the post-COVID landscape. Furthermore, it highlights the importance of fostering “intrinsic motivation” within the workforce to achieve improved performance results. Future research endeavors are encouraged to delve into other leadership styles and potential moderating factors within similar contexts of “remote work”. ItemAnalysis of Synergy of Information Technology and Engineering Departments in a Telecommunication Company in United Arab Emirates and Middle East(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) ALMUHIRI, RASHID; Professor Alaa AmeerThe following research is an investigation of the dynamic interplay between Information Technology (IT) and Engineering departments of a well-known telecommunication company from the United Arab Emirates and the Middle East. The main focus of this study is on increasing organizational efficiency, employee motivation, and cost-effectiveness, and thus the study delves into the consequences of integrating these departments. The objective of this study is to reveal the links between the synergy between IT and Engineering departments and important organizational factors, comprising of approval processes, employee motivation, and outdated interfaces costs. It aims to deliver actionable insights for telecommunication companies targeting optimization of their operations. Quantitative research approach was adopted for the study. The findings support that merging of the two departments significantly enhances efficiency of approval processes, streamlines workflows, reduces delays, and improves overall coordination. Positive link between departmental merger and heightened employee motivation is observed. It furthermore reveals mitigation of costs linked with outdated interfaces through proactive technology adoption. The study can help guide organizations to gain a competitive edge, optimize operations, and enhance customer satisfaction. This study informs a path that leads to organizational efficiency, competitiveness, and strategic integration. ItemReducing Delays in the Construction of Infrastructure Projects: A Case Study of Applying Agile Methodology Best Practices in Railway Project in the UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALNAQBI, NOUF MOHAMMED; Dr Gul Jokhio AhmedThe infrastructure project sector in The United Arab Emirates is considered one of the most advanced and developed in the region. Infrastructure projects have a massive impact on the country's economic development and growth. Usually, these projects are costly, take many years to construct, and effects millions of people. The successful completion of infrastructure projects is essential, as it can improve economic growth and quality of life in the UAE. However, 50% of the construction projects in the UAE face delay due to the complex and dynamic environment of these projects. Infrastructure projects require a more fixable framework than the Traditional Project Management framework commonly utilized in this sector. This research paper explores the Agile Project Management (APM) framework practices and tools to identify the best APM practices that can be adopted in a Traditional infrastructure project in the United Arab Emirates to develop a Hybrid project management framework. Also, the factors causing the delay and the Agile enables projects can implement to help the adoption of APM practices in infrastructure projects. All of this is explored using a survey conducted on a Railway project in the UAE. The survey finding shows that all the proposed APM practices can assist in reducing the time overrun, and a Hybrid framework is developed according to the research findings; this framework focuses on applying the agile practice in the execution phase, where most of the delay factors occur, and applying traditional project management practices in the initial phases of the project is more effective in establishing a well-detailed project schedule. Using the hybrid framework in infrastructure projects can help improve performance, communication, and adaptability to changing requirements. The developed Hybrid Framework model is suggested for infrastructure projects in the United Arab Emirates. ItemLink between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Efficiency & Employee Performance(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) ALALI, ABDULLA HASSAN; Dr Sa'Ed Mohammad Issa SalhiehThe study investigated the impact of transformational leadership on efficiency and employee performance in engineering organizations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). During the last two decades, transformational leadership (TL) has gained much importance and a conspicuous place in leadership philosophies. Therefore, it is not surprising that the current evolution in leadership theory and practice has increased a lot of attention from researchers and practitioners in the context of organizational efficiency. The problems in all organizations are present, and moving on with them is necessary. The issues addressed in this proposal and solved are related to efficiencies and completing tasks and projects on time. The study’s specific objectives were to analyse the impact of transformational leadership on the efficiency of organizations, to identify the impact of transformational leadership on employee performance, and to recommend way through which the efficiency of organizations can be improved using the TL approach by the end of 2024. Therefore, this investigation will explain the best approach to managing the followers and improving the overall efficiency of business operations without negatively influencing followers’ motivation. The specific problem addressed in this study is finding inspiration among followers through the TL approach and completing all the tasks in time without losing motivation. For this purpose, the companies operating in the construction engineering sector will be presented with recommendations for improving efficiency. The primary methodologies adopted in the study included a descriptive research design and a quantitative research approach that influenced the selection of subsequent techniques. Purposive sampling was used in selecting participants from whom the data was collected using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire adapted from past studies and modified to suit the current investigation’s aims. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse demographic data while inferential statistics, including linear regression analysis and correlation analysis to determine and test the nature of relationships between independent and dependent variables. The findings demonstrated that transformational leadership significantly influences organizational efficiency, a determination which aligns with previous studies. Besides, it was found that TL further significantly influences employee performance in the UAE’s engineering and construction sector. Based on the findings, it was recommended that leaders should set clear and challenging goals, create a supportive and collaborative work environment, and provide opportunities for employee development and growth. Besides, they should foster an environment of innovation and creativity and ensure that communication and feedback channels are open and effective. Hence, organizations can nurture a culture that supports transformational leadership to foster creativity and innovation, critical in strengthening internal competitiveness. ItemA Research Study on the Effect of eLearning Platforms on Employee: Employee Participation, Job Satisfaction, Employee Commitment and Employee Productivity in UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALHANAEE, AWAD JUMA; Dr Sa'ed SalhiehPurpose The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of eLearning over employee engagement, job satisfaction, employee commitment and employee productivity in medium and large firms in UAE. This study's proposed questionnaire underwent pilot tests to ensure the questionnaire's validity, terms, relevance, and suitability for the target group. A final sample of 97 participants was studied after excluding cases with unsuitable responses. Results prove a significant positive relationship between eLearning and job satisfaction, employee engagement, employee commitment and employee productivity. Therefore, it is quantitatively and theoretically proven that eLearning has a positive effect on above mentioned dependent variables. Using correlation and regression analysis via SPSS to understand the relationship between independent and dependent variables. The results have been validated using Cronbach Alpha and existing literature review. The information obtained from this paper will help organizations obtain the best eLearning practices and employ the best eLearning platform and module for their employees. Also, it would add additional value to existing literature and close the current gaps related to eLearning and how it would affect professional development. Design/methodology/approach/Findings This paper aims to examine possible relationship between eLearning and employee participation, job satisfaction, employee commitment and employee productivity in medium and large size firms throughout qualitative research (a survey) using statistical analyzing method SPSS. The findings of the research prove a positive relationship between eLearning and employee participation, job satisfaction, employee commitment and employee productivity, where implementing eLearning programs at workplace increases employee participation, job satisfaction, employee commitment and employee productivity. The information obtained from survey can be used to improve the quality of existing eLearning modules or to prove the importance of eLearning and its effect on professional development. Research limitations/ implication Since employee requires continual learning and improvement in a variety of areas, this research will aid in understanding how an eLearning platform would affect employees in general organizations. Additionally, management and other stakeholders would benefit from an understanding of current practices and how it would benefit their staff members professionally. Originality/ value There is a non - availability of research in this area, particularly in the United Arab Emirates, according to a review of various literature on eLearning platforms and employee engagement, job satisfaction, employee commitment, and employee productivity. Understanding current practices and how it would help their staff members professionally will benefit management and other stakeholders in UAE. Keywords: eLearning, Employee Engagement, Job satisfaction, Job Commitment, Employee performance, United Arab Emirates ItemEstablishing A Guideline and Decision-Making Approach For UAE Solar Assets Waste Management By Utilising PVsyst(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) AL-ALI, AMEL; Professor Alaa A-AmeerAs the number of solar panel installations increases, the amount of discarded panels is also expected to escalate to an estimated 60 million tons by 2050, assuming a lifespan of 20-30 years for the panels. It is a newly declared global concern for the need to manage this new technology waste. End-of-life solar panels contain valuable components, but there currently needs to be globally documented guidelines in place to manage this type of waste efficiently. This paper studies solar PV waste in relation to EOL end-of-life management of PV assets installed in a solar park in the United Arab Emirates. Given the specific research limitations in implementing the proposed methodologies, the researcher conducted a comparative analysis by studying four different climatic regions: the UAE, Canada, India, and Norway, to bridge the gap and reinforce the validity of the results. The lack of comprehensive global guidelines and frameworks that guide decision-making regarding photovoltaic (PV) panel waste disposal and insufficient research on managing such waste are the driving forces behind this study. The study aims to address this gap by identifying the factors that affect the performance and efficiency of photovoltaic energy systems, specifically in the United Arab Emirates, a country known for its extremely hot and dry climate, and to develop assessment approaches and guidelines. PVsyst simulation software has been used for system performance analysis and to support decision-making by examining specially designed technical flow charts. The PV panels' basic performance-related parameters and meteorological information were identified as essential elements for evaluating the overall performance. The study also identified the primary tools for making end-of-life (EOL) decisions. The results revealed that the photovoltaic system in the UAE solar park completed its end-of-life with a PR ratio of 80% sooner than expected, with 22 years compared to the 25 years predicted by the manufacturer. This leads to the conclusion that installing PV panels in hot climate regions accelerates the deterioration of PV panels. India, a country with very hot and rainy weather, also backed up these assumptions by reaching an 80.8% PR in 22 years. The study provides a clear understanding of the factors that must be considered when deciding where to install solar panels due to their impact on the efficiency and health of the panels, and the conditions that cause PV systems to fail earlier than expected, thus introducing more waste to the environment. ItemThe Benefits of Using Blockchain for Freight and Logistics(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) ALHAMMADI, RASHED; Dr Sa'Ed MohammadThe following paper strives to investigate the potential impacts of blockchain technology on the efficiency and operations of the freight & logistics industry. The research addresses two critical research questions that are: (a) How can blockchain technology enhance the efficiency of freight and logistics processes? (b) What are the most suitable applications of blockchain in the freight and logistics industry? The study adopts a descriptive research design with a quantitative research approach, utilizing a deductive approach to test research hypotheses. The research focuses on the population of Emirati stakeholders, preferably managers working in the freight and logistics industry, such as logistics companies, service providers, shippers, and carriers. Data will be collected through applying purposive sampling technique. The data instrument is a structured survey questionnaire. The research will apply statistical analysis including descriptive statistics and inferential analysis. Furthermore, SPSS and R analysis will be applied. Major findings will uncover potential advantages of blockchain integration within UAE along with the considerations and challenges for adoption. The implications will provide invaluable guidance to blockchain experts and professionals. This will also lead to further expansion of the field. ItemThe Impact of Transformational Verses Strategic Leadership Styles in the Success of Engineering Teams(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-09) SAEED, AHMAD MOHAMMAD; Dr Sa'Ed MohammadEngineering teams' success is based on their ability to work effectively and use their skills, experience, and knowledge to achieve results. To achieve this, the team needs robust and effective leadership. The research seeks to identify the elements of each style that can contribute to the success of engineering teams and to investigate the potential effects of each on the team's overall performance. Furthermore, this research will seek to understand the dynamics of the team that are impacted by the leadership style and its effectiveness on the team's performance. Additionally, this research will analyze the relationship between the Transformational and Strategic leadership styles and the team's success and how the two kinds interact to achieve the desired results. Finally, this research will provide recommendations for engineering teams on effectively implementing the leadership style that best suits their goals and objectives. The investigation utilized a quantitative research approach that collected and analyzed numerical data. The research will include workers from several fields. The sample will be selected randomly to generalize the study's results. The minimum required sample size for the analysis will be 100 participants to ensure sufficient statistical power. Data was collected using web-based survey websites. The strategy entailed uploading the questionnaire on the platform and generating a link randomly sent to potential respondents. The instrument contained elimination questions to ensure that only individuals in the UAE engineering sector were allowed to participate. Descriptive statistics were performed to provide a starting point for the research and determine the participant distribution within the target sample. Pearson Moment correlation analysis was performance to evaluate the strength of the relationship between employee engagement and transformational leadership on employee outcomes. The study conducted a linear regression analysis to estimate the impact of the predictor variable on the dependent variable. Besides, ANOVA was performed to determine whether there were significant differences in the participants' demographic characteristics, including work experience, gender, age, and highest educational attainment, concerning the study variables. The findings demonstrated that transformational and strategic leadership significantly influenced organizational performance. Besides, employee engagement was a significant moderator between the independent and dependent variables. Nonetheless, transformational leadership was more appropriate in strengthening the engineering team’s internal competitiveness than strategic leadership. The phenomenon signifies that engineering teams could experience advantages from having a leader who can encourage and stimulate team members to collaborate toward common objectives. The results of this study additionally enhance the expanding knowledge base regarding the influence of various leadership approaches on team productivity. ItemBarriers of Adopting Artificial Intelligence Tools in Engineering Construction Projects(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) ALKAABI, ABDULLA; Dr Gul AhmedEngineering construction projects using AI technologies create obstacles. Barriers prevent AI integration in construction. Insufficient knowledge and understanding of AI, data management and integration issues, legal and regulatory hurdles, financial considerations, reluctance to change, and interoperability issues all hinder AI system adoption and implementation. First, many engineering and construction specialists may not understand or use artificial intelligence. The situation may cause concern and trepidation about integrating AI technologies and lack understanding of their optimal deployment and operation. Construction data management and integration are difficult. AI algorithms depend on data for training and analysis. AI technologies often struggle with construction data's fragmentation, inconsistency, and confidentiality. AI technologies may also face regulatory and legal hurdles related to data confidentiality, protection, and property rights. These issues may limit AI tool use or increase legal liability, hindering adoption. Integrating AI technology may be costly, especially for smaller companies with limited funds. Hardware, software, and training costs may prevent certain construction businesses from using AI solutions. Industry culture and change aversion may slow AI tool adoption. Conventional attitudes, fear of termination, and reluctance to change processes may hinder AI adoption in construction workflows. Finally, interoperability and integration issues may hinder AI adoption. Incorporating AI into pre-existing software, systems, and processes may require significant effort and tailoring, and compatibility issues may hinder the easy integration of AI utilities into building projects. ItemThe Mediating Role of Empowerment on the Impact of Servant Leadership on Safety Culture Maturity: A Case Study in UAE Petrochemical Plant(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALHAMMADI, MAJID YOUSIF KHATIR; Dr Sa'Ed Mohammad Issa SalhiehThis study explores the relationship between servant leadership and safety culture maturity in a UAE petrochemical plant. It investigates how employee empowerment can mediate this connection. Effective leadership is essential for creating a mature safety culture in high-risk industries like petrochemicals. Servant leaders prioritize employees' needs and focus on their development; these traits are conducive to fostering an advanced safety environment. This research seeks to understand how empowering workers influence the impact of servant leadership on mature safety culture. This study proposes employee empowerment as a key mediator. Thus, servant leaders can foster a safe working environment that promotes trust and respect by enabling their staff through empowerment strategies such as entrusting responsibility and providing support when needed. The research employs a case study to explore the relationship between leadership and safety culture in a UAE petrochemical plant. It aims to contribute to the existing literature on this topic and provide practical guidance for organizations looking to improve their safety culture. In this study, mediation was conducted by using Hayes’ Process Macro through IBM SPSS. Findings identify the positive impact of servant leadership on safety culture maturity through full mediation of empowerment. This suggests that servant leadership and employee empowerment are key factors in promoting mature safety cultures, highlighting the vital role of human elements in occupational health. The research offers insight into how leaders can influence workplace safety within the petrochemical industry. ItemLink Between Transformational Leadership and Creativity(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) AL ALI, MOHAMED; Dr. Sa'Ed MohammadThis research investigates the impact of transformational leadership (TL) on creativity within organizational settings. Employing a quantitative design approach, the study aimed to identify the relationship between TL and creativity while exploring the best practices for maximizing creative outputs. The research questions focused on understanding how TL stimulates creative thinking and determining the optimal TL strategies for enhancing creativity. Through regression and ANOVA analyses, the study found a significant positive correlation between TL and creativity, emphasizing the substantial influence of TL behaviors on fostering innovative environments. However, limitations pertaining to the sample's limited diversity and the non-normal distribution of data suggest the need for caution in generalizing the findings. While underscoring the need for further research with diverse samples and robust statistical techniques, this study encourages organizations to prioritize TL practices to promote creativity and innovation effectively. Keywords: transformational leadership, creativity, organizational environment, innovation, leadership behaviors, best practices. ItemThe Development of a Quality Function Deployment (QFD) for the Implementation of a Reverse Engineering Department – UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALRASHIDI, SHAMA; Professor Alaa A-AmeerThe purpose of the research is to investigate the impact of applying Quality function deployment in the reverse engineering department. Total quality management tools are important in reverse engineering because there is a lot of competition. It’s important for the department to make sure they are doing a good job and always improving. Moreover, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) helps make sure reverse engineering is giving customers what they need. This paper talks about using QFD to make the department better. It looks at how QFD can be used and how to change it to work better for engineering. A Quality Function Deployment is a tool that helps make sure things are good and people are satisfied. QFD allows companies to prioritize customer feedback and understand which areas of their business can be improved upon. By understanding customer wants and needs, companies can focus on making products and services that are tailored to meet customer expectations and make them satisfy. The papers provide guidelines on how developers can effectively utilize QFD to ensure their work is of high quality. This research was carried out using a quantitative approach, enabling to gathering of valuable data from a representative sample of 71 individuals. To obtain this data, a total of 71 surveys were distributed to customers, and in addition, four interviews were conducted with industry experts. Additionally, by using QFD, companies can also plan for the future and anticipate customer needs before they arise. A two-part survey was conducted. The first survey was about what are the customer requirements of the company. The second survey involves identifying the company's strongest competitors. Based on the result, using Quality function deployment helps to guide the improvement of the reverse engineering department in manufacturing the printed circuit board (PCB). Keywords: Quality Function Deployment, House of Quality, Reverse Engineering, Total Quality Management. ItemSmart Technology Improves TPM on Material Handling System in Freight Facilities(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-10) ALDHANHANI, ABDULLA; Dr Sa'Ed Mohammad SalhiehTotal Productive Maintenance (TPM) in material handling systems stands to benefit greatly from the introduction of smart technology into goods facilities. Manual labour-intensive conventional practises typically result in mistakes and higher overall expenses. Focusing on automation, data analysis, cost-effectiveness, security, and scalability, this study investigates the influence of smart technology adoption on TPM in goods facilities. This study takes a holistic look at the link between TPM practises, smart technology integration, and the perceived effects of each. The findings show that there is a strong correlation between the use of smart technology, improved TPM practises, and the perceived effects on TPM. This dissertation uses rigorous statistical analysis to offer useful insights that will help logistics firms improve their material-handling operations in the age of smart technologies. ItemFactors Influencing the Adoption and Implementation of Predictive Maintenance Technologies in Organizations(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-08) Alnashwan, Mohammed; Dr Sa'ed SalhiehSignificant research has explored the numerous advantages of predictive maintenance technologies. In today's Industry 4.0 era, organizations, especially in the manufacturing sector, are increasingly adopting predictive maintenance practices and technologies to forecast equipment failure enabling them to proactive maintain manufacturing and processing tasks and activities. Predictive maintenance technologies enable organizations to meet their production costs as well as product quality and quantity objectives. Accordingly, studies have associated predictive maintenance technologies and practices with the capabilities of improving organizational performance in the economic, ecological/environmental, and social dimensions. However, despite the numerous advantages, many organizations have not leveraged these technologies due to various organizational, financial, and human-related barriers. As a result, drawing from relevant literature and the data from the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), the study will explore the factors that influence the adoption of predictive maintenance technologies, the consequent impact on organizational performance and provide suggestions for businesses looking to adopt and use these technologies. In a questionnaire conducted with 108 respondents from different companies in the UAE, relevant insights are found pertaining to the factors that influence the adoption and implementation of predictive maintenance technologies in organizations. One of the most important factors reported by participants in this study is the user perception factor, which reflects important perceptions about the implementation of specific technologies to improve organizational performance. Another relevant factor discussed in the study is the job effectiveness factor. ItemSocio-Economic Environmental Feasibility of Groundwater Pricing in the UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-07-31) ALYAMMAHI, SOMAYYAH ABDULLAEnvironmental responsibility and preventing depletion are among the country's fundamental development principles. The UAE depends on its groundwater resources, particularly groundwater accounts for 93% of total agriculture water use. Farmers and landowners are free of charges for groundwater use, while power bills are subsidized. However, with their already limited availability, groundwater resources have been aggressively exploited to maintain farm productivity in the desert. This paper analyzes the most critical proposed scenarios for pricing groundwater in the UAE for groundwater. For the sustainability of a groundwater resource and to reduce the water demand in the agriculture sector. To respond to this issue, various investigative methodologies have been used to achieve the study objective, including descriptive, analytical, and deductive approaches, which are generated sequentially to select the best scenario of integration. The results and analyses showed that the best and appropriate method for pricing groundwater is a volumetric pricing tariff according to the quantity of extracted water since the contributes of the agriculture area is fewer than 1% to the UAE’s gross domestic product (GDP). In conclusion, the final groundwater tariff conducted and reflected, measured as an economic and environmental impact to reflect the results of this study with a proposed implementation plan if the government decides to execute it. ItemLinkage Between Maintenance management, Enterprise Risk Management and Organizational Performance(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-03) ALEASSA, MOHAMMADThe purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of maintenance management on organizational performance, with the mediation effect of enterprise risk management. The research problem addressed was the need to understand how maintenance management and enterprise risk management are interrelated and how they affect organizational performance. The basic design of the study involved a literature review and empirical research using survey data. Major findings indicated that maintenance management has a positive impact on organizational performance, with almost 46% of the variation predicted. Preventive maintenance was found to have a positive impact on company efficiency and competitiveness. Enterprise risk management was found to mediate the relationship between maintenance management and organizational performance, with more than 58% of variation in organizational performance being recorded. The study concluded that maintenance management plays a crucial role in improving organizational performance, and that enterprise risk management is dependent on maintenance management. This study provides evidence for the validation of scales related to maintenance and enterprise risk management, and organizational performance, contributing to the literature on organizational performance. ItemImpact of Energy Efficiency Practices on Healthcare Financial Profitability: Case Study of Al-Gardens Hospital Jordan, Middle East(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) AHMAD, MAYSAMNowadays; sustainability is thriving by being implemented in various industries worldwide. Construction Sector is consuming huge amount of energy globally, where healthcare institutes take a high percentage of this consumption due to its 24/7 operation hours and the complexity of its function. Many practices such operational and building envelop practices can be implemented for healthcare institutes to reduce energy consumption. BIM REVIT and its feature Insight360 proved its ability in analysing the energy performance of the building and supporting in proposing energy efficiency practice for the building. The aim of the research is to access the economic viability of different energy saving practices/scenarios that can be applied to a hospital in Jordan. The research highlighted the gap noticed in energy efficiency case studies literature; that is the need for researches to be conducted in developing economy counties such as Middle East – Jordan, also no future research/studies were mentioned for further improvements for each case study as per its location and available opportunities. In this research, Jordan Middle East developing economy countries healthcare institute’s is the targeted facilities in this research, it is introducing energy efficiency practices that reduce energy consumption and raise the profitability of healthcare institute with low initial cost and low payback period through technical energy analysis and financial analysis. The relation between dependent variable (energy efficiency) and the independent variables (building envelop and operational practices variables) is tested. The research assumes that lighting control system as operational practice can reduce energy efficiency with 21% of the total energy consumption and 1 year and 4 weeks payback period, and the window to wall ratio considered as the most energy efficient and feasible building envelop practice to be implement with energy savings of 6% of the yearly energy consumption kwh/year and payback period of 0.46 year. Hospitals as critical facility need to be resilient in its power production, CHP system can mitigate the risk of shortage of power due to climatic events or power distribution disruption. Future opportunities of new technologies can be developed in Jordan that need more research and studies. The research results support designers, engineers & investors in taking the most energy efficient & financially feasible practice to be implemented for healthcare facilities in Jordan. ItemImproving the Performance Measurement Using Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) in Borouge(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALMUTAWA, MUBARAKA hierarchy of measurements called Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is used in the industrial sector to gauge the performance of production machines. OEE measurement is a crucial machine performance tool that assesses availability, performance, and quality rate. It is inspired by Total Productive Maintenance (TPM). This study was conducted in Al Borouge company is a prominent petrochemical firm that offers unique and new polyolefin solutions for the energy, mobility, advanced packaging, infrastructure, healthcare, and agricultural industries. The main issue found relating to the two extruder production lines productivity was where availability and quality show a significant decrease. Thus, data were collected for 12 months from the two extruders and analysed using Microsoft Excel Software to determine the value of the output table and presented graphically. This study starts by calculating the availability, performance rate, and rate of quality, then listing the six biggest losses that happen in order to determine the achievement of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) value. According to the findings, the average OEE on a first extruder is 95%, and second extruder is 91%, the value is higher than the world's ideal OEE standard value of > 85%. But This research needs to make improvement on these components to increase the value of OEE. Three of the six major losses downtime losses, speed losses, and quality losses were grouped together. The findings show there is no set up/adjustment and speed losses. Moreover, breakdown losses were 2.2% for first extruder and 6.06% for second extruder, and decreased quality losses were 1.28% for first extruder and 2.8% for second extruder for the study of six significant losses (which became three big losses due to speed losses and set up/adjustment do not exist). ItemFactors Influencing Construction Waste Generation in Building Construction: A Case of UAE(The British University in Dubai (BUiD), 2023-06) ALMIDAMAH, ENTESARIn this research, an extensive examination was carried out, investigating the issue of construction waste production in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This issue is of particular importance considering the high-speed urban development and extensive construction activities occurring within the country. A comprehensive understanding of construction waste, its origins, and implications on environmental stability and societal prosperity is imperative. The central insight from this investigation is that the production of construction waste is a layered issue, influenced by numerous interrelated elements. The method of study was quantitative, aimed at pinpointing these elements and determining their impacts. Data was amassed via a survey and processed using statistical methodologies like Cronbach's alpha and regression analysis. Crucial contributors to construction waste in the UAE were identified as sub-optimal design and planning procedures, antiquated construction techniques, subpar materials, and inadequate storage approaches. Furthermore, the study unearthed those issues within site management such as poor waste segregation, lack of planning, and incorrect material manipulation substantially add to the problem. Deficiencies in stringent waste management rules and enforcement within UAE's regulatory framework also fuel waste production. Unique attributes of the UAE, such as fast-paced construction, large-scale projects, local environmental conditions, and cultural nuances, intensify waste production. The findings emphasize the urgent need for an all-encompassing strategy for managing construction waste in the UAE. Any devised strategies need to address a variety of challenges, from design and planning processes to site management, all the way to regulatory enforcement. A crucial element of the study was also the highlighting of the need for industry-wide awareness and education to foster a mindset of waste reduction. This research paves the way for future investigations into managing construction waste, offering potential focus areas such as the influence of technological advancements, cultural and environmental factors unique to the UAE, policy interventions, and the role of private sectors in minimizing waste. The study further suggests an exploration into construction waste within the parameters of circular economy concepts as a novel path to sustainable construction. This study provides an in-depth understanding of construction waste generation in the UAE, paving the way for more efficient and sustainable practices in the industry. It offers valuable insights for stakeholders, policymakers, and researchers seeking to tackle this critical issue, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable construction sector in the UAE.