Job Satisfaction and Intention to Leave the Current Job among Expatriate Teachers in Three Private Schools of Dubai
The British University in Dubai (BUiD)
This study explores the relationship between job satisfaction and intention to leave the current job among the expatriate teachers in three private schools of Dubai. The aim of this research was to examine the perceived level of job satisfaction and intention to leave among expat teachers in three private schools of Dubai. Moreover, this study looks into the correlation between the nine independent variables of job satisfaction and dependent variable, intention to leave. Furthermore, another important purpose of this study was to identify the main facets of job satisfaction that strongly influence the teachers’ intention to leave the current job. A comprehensive review of literature has helped in identifying the nine facets of job satisfaction as Pay, Promotion, Co Workers, Supervision, Contingent Rewards, Operating Procedures, Nature of Work, Communication and Fringe Benefits. This research has employed mixed method approach, inclusive of both the Quantitative and Qualitative methods which eventually led to a questionnaire comprising both closed and open ended questions and was administered to expat teachers in three private schools of Dubai. Data analysis was done on the 103 responses of the participants, collected through the questionnaire, using statistical software SPSS 22 version. Data analysis in this study comprised of descriptive analysis, inferential analysis( Pearson’s correlation Analysis and Multiple Regression analysis) and Thematic analysis. The results from the Pearson’s correlation analysis show that generally job satisfaction is significantly and negatively related to intention to leave. Moreover, this analysis shows that from the nine facets of job satisfaction, fringe benefits and pay are strongly correlated to intention to leave. Furthermore, the results from Multiple Regression analysis quantitative findings show that from among the nine facets of job satisfaction, it is concluded that satisfaction with Nature of the job, Communication with the organization and Fringe benefits are the main dimensions of job satisfaction that significantly and negatively influence the teachers’ intention to leave the current job. While the Qualitative data findings report that satisfaction with Pay, Operating procedures, Nature of the job have a high potential to influence the intention to leave the current job among expatriate teachers in the three private schools of Dubai. Overall findings of this study indicate that, job satisfaction significantly and negatively impacts teachers’ intention to leave. Hence it indicates that more satisfied the teachers are with their work, lesser the probability of them leaving the job. In the end of the study a few practical recommendations were suggested in order to understand and increase the level of job satisfaction among the expatriate teachers in the private schools of Dubai and to decrease the turnover rate by retaining the qualified teachers in their respective schools.
DISSERTATION WITH DISTINCTION
job satisfaction, expatriate teachers, private schools, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE)