Arab Teachers’ Perspective on Leader-Member Exchange Practices: a Case Study on Arab Leaders’ Relationship in a Private School in Dubai

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The British University in Dubai (BUiD)
Performance is critical in any organization operating in the industry. For a long time, businesses and other organizations have concentrated on improving their performance. Institutions in Dubai are striving to improve student’s performance through teacher empowerment and leadership. Leadership is an important factor in the organization because employees can be easily guided on how to improve their skills. Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) is becoming a common trend in the organizations as its impact is great and boosts the overall performance of the organization. LMX entails the formation of groups in an organization and designating a leader to each group. The leaders conduct matters a lot as the subordinates try to emulate their behaviour. The implication is that positive attributes from a leader are transferable to the employees hence bringing in positive changes to the organization. The aim of the study is to establish teachers’ perspectives on LMX in a private institution in Dubai. The researcher reviewed a number of literatures to provide broad information about the existing studies conducted on the topic. There are numerous theories and frameworks that explain more about the relationship of a leader and member. The transactional, transformational, and social exchange are among the theories that this paper explored. It emerged that the character of the subordinates in an organization matters most when a leader seeks to choose a certain leadership style. Data collection entailed the used of questionnaires that were presented to the population understudy. This entails both qualitative and quantitative data that was analysed through a scientific software. The study found out that Arab leaders created a positive LMX in the institution. Also, it was evident that adoption of LMX could influence performance in the organization. On the other hand, the researcher concluded that LMX was essential in the organization and there was need for it to be implemented. Another conclusion made by the researcher is that Arab leaders were more effective in comparison to Western leaders and therefore institutions are expected to consider Arab leaders.
Arab teachers, Arab leaders’, private school, United Arab Emirates (UAE), performance, student’s performance, teacher empowerment, leadership, Leader-Member Exchange (LMX)